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Archivi categoria: Information Computer Technology

Dalla Corea all’Europa, ecco come si fa contact tracing nel mondo – Wired

Dalla politica della Corea al dibattito aperto in Europa, dalla scelta tra decentralizzato e centralizzato agli Usa: come si tracciano i contagi da Covid-19?

Sorgente: Dalla Corea all’Europa, ecco come si fa contact tracing nel mondo – Wired

 

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[2005.06341] Human Mobility in Response to COVID-19 in France, Italy and UK

Sorgente: [2005.06341] Human Mobility in Response to COVID-19 in France, Italy and UK

 

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Rapid implementation of mobile technology for real-time epidemiology of COVID-19 | Science

The rapid pace of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic (COVID-19) presents challenges to the robust collection of population-scale data to address this global health crisis. We established the COronavirus Pandemic Epidemiology (COPE) consortium to bring together scientists with expertise in big data research and epidemiology to develop a COVID-19 Symptom Tracker mobile application that we launched in the UK on March 24, 2020 and the US on March 29, 2020 garnering more than 2.8 million users as of May 2, 2020. This mobile application offers data on risk factors, herald symptoms, clinical outcomes, and geographical hot spots. This initiative offers critical proof-of-concept for the repurposing of existing approaches to enable rapidly scalable epidemiologic data collection and analysis which is critical for a data-driven response to this public health challenge.

Sorgente: Rapid implementation of mobile technology for real-time epidemiology of COVID-19 | Science

 

Chi traccerà i contagi? – E come? Aspetti tecnologici, epidemiologici, legali. Da ascoltare.

A tutti coloro che : la privacy, ci vogliono tracciare , io non do’ la mia autorizzazione e cosine del genere.
Aspetti tecnologici, epidemiologici, legali. Da ascoltare.
forse sarebbe utile ascoltare questo filmato. Molto utile. Che differenza c’e’ tra un intervistatore e la app?

 

Divertiti con i video e la musica che ami, carica contenuti originali e condividi tutto con amici, familiari e con il mondo su YouTube.

Chi traccerà i contagi? – SaluteInternazionale

 

Maddalena Innocenti, Chiara Milani, Annamaria Schirripa e Gavino Maciocco L’Italia rischia di trovarsi impreparata di fronte a una possibile seconda ondata dell’epidemia. C’è un’alternativa a una app partita male e priva di garanzie: il tracciamento vecchia maniera, fatto con le persone.

Sorgente: Chi traccerà i contagi? – SaluteInternazionale

Researchers strategize ways to trace infections and contacts amid data protection laws

Sorgente: Cellphone tracking could help stem the spread of coronavirus. Is privacy the price? | Science | AAAS

 

The newly emergent human virus SARS-CoV-2 is resulting in high fatality rates and incapacitated health systems. Preventing further transmission is a priority. We analyzed key parameters of epidemic spread to estimate the contribution of different transmission routes and determine requirements for case isolation and contact-tracing needed to stop the epidemic. We conclude that viral spread is too fast to be contained by manual contact tracing, but could be controlled if this process was faster, more efficient and happened at scale. A contact-tracing App which builds a memory of proximity contacts and immediately notifies contacts of positive cases can achieve epidemic control if used by enough people. By targeting recommendations to only those at risk, epidemics could be contained without need for mass quarantines (‘lock-downs’) that are harmful to society. We discuss the ethical requirements for an intervention of this kind.  Quantifying SARS-CoV-2 transmission suggests epidemic control with digital contact tracing | Science

 

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Chi traccerà i contagi? – SaluteInternazionale

Sorgente: Chi traccerà i contagi? – SaluteInternazionale

 

Maddalena Innocenti, Chiara Milani, Annamaria Schirripa e Gavino Maciocco L’Italia rischia di trovarsi impreparata di fronte a una possibile seconda ondata dell’epidemia. C’è un’alternativa a una app partita male e priva di garanzie: il tracciamento vecchia maniera, fatto con le persone.

Sorgente: Chi traccerà i contagi? – SaluteInternazionale

 

 

 

La telemedicina ci salverà dalla diffusione del Covid 19. Perché in Italia non se ne parla? – KONGNews | Economia Lavoro Politica

Intervista al professor Sergio Pillon, noto angiologo del San Camillo Forlanini di Roma e tra i massimi esperti di telemedicina in Italia e in Europa.

Sorgente: La telemedicina ci salverà dalla diffusione del Covid 19. Perché in Italia non se ne parla? – KONGNews | Economia Lavoro Politica

 
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Pubblicato da su 27 aprile 2020 in Information Computer Technology

 

I fondatori di Instagram hanno creato un tracker che monitora la diffusione dei contagi – Wired

Si chiama Rt.live e tiene conto dell’indice Rt, cioè di quante persone in media vengono contagiate da una infetta. Può essere uno strumento molto utile in vista dell’allentamento delle misure di quarantena, dicono Kevin Systrom e Mike Krieger

Sorgente: I fondatori di Instagram hanno creato un tracker che monitora la diffusione dei contagi – Wired

 

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Come i medici possono fare una televisita al tempo del Covid-19

In questi giorni di emergenza da COVID-19, si è registrato un boom di videoconferenze nel mondo. Si utilizzano diversi software o app con l’impennata di Zoom, nonostante le sue innumerevoli falle di privacy. Sono diverse le alternative a Zoom che consentono di effettuare videocall nel rispetto della privacy di chi partecipa e in sicurezza, come la piattaforma iorestoacasa.work.  Come …

Sorgente: Come i medici possono fare una televisita al tempo del Covid-19

 
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Pubblicato da su 18 aprile 2020 in AI, Information Computer Technology

 

Immuni, l’app che fa impazzire il mondo e non serve contro il coronavirus

Immuni: perché non è un’app che risolve la gestione della Fase 2, ma è necessario un cambiamento di paradigma del sistema

Sorgente: Immuni, l’app che fa impazzire il mondo e non serve contro il coronavirus

 

Putin’s Long War Against American Science – The New York Times

A decade of health disinformation promoted by President Vladimir Putin of Russia has sown wide confusion, hurt major institutions and encouraged the spread of deadly illnesses.

 

Virtual health care in the era of COVID-19 – The Lancet

Speaking to The Lancet from Beijing, Xu, who is a member of WHO’s Digital Health Technical Advisory Group, and a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology & Engineering, explained that China’s virtual care transformation was unleashed when the country’s national health insurance agency agreed to pay for virtual care consultations because the hospitals and clinics were full. “For the first time, Chinese physicians have really embraced virtual care”, says Xu. “Thanks to these technologies physicians can consult with upwards of a hundred patients a day, which is a very significant increase in the daily caseloads they handled in person in the past.” Following China’s example, on March 30, at the direction of US President Donald Trump, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), which oversees the nation’s major public health programmes, issued what it termed “an unprecedented array of temporary regulatory waivers and new rules to equip the American healthcare system with maximum flexibility to respond to the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic”. In a press release, the CMS explained that its new measures will allow for more t

Sorgente: Virtual health care in the era of COVID-19 – The Lancet

 

Speaking to The Lancet from Beijing, Xu, who is a member of WHO’s Digital Health Technical Advisory Group, and a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology & Engineering, explained that China’s virtual care transformation was unleashed when the country’s national health insurance agency agreed to pay for virtual care consultations because the hospitals and clinics were full.
“For the first time, Chinese physicians have really embraced virtual care”, says Xu. “Thanks to these technologies physicians can consult with upwards of a hundred patients a day, which is a very significant increase in the daily caseloads they handled in person in the past.”
Following China’s example, on March 30, at the direction of US President Donald Trump, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), which oversees the nation’s major public health programmes, issued what it termed “an unprecedented array of temporary regulatory waivers and new rules to equip the American healthcare system with maximum flexibility to respond to the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic”.
In a press release, the CMS explained that its new measures will allow for more than 80 additional services to be furnished via telehealth. “During the public health emergencies, individuals can use interactive apps with audio and video capabilities to visit with their clinician for an even broader range of services. Providers also can evaluate beneficiaries who have audio phones only. These temporary changes will ensure that patients have access to physicians and other providers while remaining safely at home.”
Eric Topol, director of the Scripps Research Translational Institute in La Jolla (CA, USA), praises these efforts, but laments that they have been so long coming. “This is a very big moment for virtual health care. But, of course, there isn’t a lot of readiness. There are so many ways to monitor people’s health that we aren’t doing at any scale, in large part due to interstate regulatory barriers that have meant we are in no way ready for this moment.”
Similar steps to sweep aside regulatory and hegemonic professional barriers are being taken in Canada, according to Sandy Buchman, president of the Canadian Medical Association. “As we confront [COVID-19], we’re racing to implement virtual health-care technologies as quickly as we can. The scale and pace of change is unprecedented for Canadian health care.”
Topol warns that the sudden rush to virtualisation risks diminishing the quality of clinical care. “It’s inexpensive and expedient, but it’ll never be the same as a physical examination with all of its human qualities of judgment and communication. But with COVID, this is a trade-off we have to accept.”
Similar developments are sweeping health care in the UK, says Trisha Greenhalgh, co-director of the Interdisciplinary Research In Health Sciences Unit at Oxford University (Oxford, UK).
“We have a research project that has been tracking the use of video conferencing in Scotland over the past 6 months, and in the space of the last 2 weeks we’ve seen [a] 1000% increase in use”, said Greenhalgh. “It’s incredible. [COVID-19] has done what we couldn’t do until now, because, suddenly, it’s not just the patient who might die—now it’s the doctor who might die. So the doctors are highly motivated. The risk–benefit ratio for virtual health care has massively shifted and all the red tape has suddenly been cut.”
In Italy, although all 20 regions had implemented national telemedicine guidelines as of 2018, hospital managers have been largely caught off guard by the explosion in digital demand, says Elena Sini, information officer for GVM Care & Research, a network of nine private hospitals in northern Italy.
Many Italian hospitals lack the necessary hardware and technical resources, she noted in a March 23 webinar. “Burnout is also a concern for IT staff, so set up some psychological support for IT staff”, she advises.
Sini reported a lack of hardware due to broken supply chains and insufficient bandwidth capacities as the demand increased by about 90% on fixed landlines and 40% on mobile networks in Italy. “We have to ramp up telemedicine capabilities, but for most hospitals in Italy this is an issue. We just don’t have the capabilities to deliver.”
Speaking alongside Sini, Henning Schneider, chief information officer for Asklepios Kliniken, one of Germany’s largest private hospital networks, said the COVID-19 pandemic is highlighting a need for intensified IT collaboration between German hospitals. In New Delhi, India, Anurag Agrawal, director of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research’s Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, says Indian health-care providers have become similarly preoccupied with virtual health care while the country is in near-total lockdown. “Suddenly, after years of resistance to virtual health care, our physicians keenly want it”, said Agrawal. “[COVID-19] is breaching the barriers to virtual health care faster than anything in history.”
Access to virtual health care is far easier within India’s publicly financed health-care systems than among private providers, Agrawal notes. However, as India’s response to COVID-19 escalates, many private physicians are providing virtual consultations for free. “That could change if the lockdown runs longer”, Agrawal explains. “Meanwhile, the national and state governments will need some time to ramp this up, and the lockdown is buying us time.”
To expedite the transformation, he adds, the Indian Government is copying China’s tactics by releasing a set of newly developed applications that use instant messaging platforms, such as WhatsApp, to enable a suite of virtual health-care services, including public messaging about behavioural modifications, epidemiological tracing, and access to virtual health-care providers. “The Chinese had a national advantage with their WeChat messaging platform, which is better-suited to hosting virtual health-care apps than WhatsApp is.”
Like Topol, Agrawal warns that virtual health care comes with a trade-off in the quality of patient care. “Physicians, too, we should keep in mind, benefit from the in-person consultations as much as patients”, he suggests. “We may mourn that.”
African health-care providers have yet to join the global rush en masse, observes Chris Seebregts, chief executive of Jembi Health Systems, a Cape Town-based non-governmental organisation that advises health-system strategists in digital technologies in Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, South Sudan, and Uganda.
“Digital health technologies are being adopted at a huge rate now here in South Africa in response to [COVID-19]”, Seebregts said via video conference from Cape Town, “but we’re not seeing much adoption yet elsewhere in Africa. [COVID-19] may accelerate it, but it’s too soon to say.”
With mobile phone use now globally ubiquitous, technological barriers to the adoption of virtual health care are easily surmountable, even in the most resource-scarce settings, notes Alex Jadad, founder of the Centre for Global eHealth Innovation at the University of Toronto, ON, Canada, where he is the director of the Institute for Global Health Equity and Innovation.
“Whether I’m deep in Malawi or deep in the Amazon, all I need is a mobile phone and a connection that allows me to talk to a clinician. That’s all it takes for a clinical encounter. These are god-like tools for medicine. There’s no need for us to wait for any more sophisticated infrastructure than that”, says Jadad, who is advising on virtual health-care adoption strategies for health groups in Colombia.
“The regulatory barriers that have held virtual health care back for all these decades were never justifiable”, Jadad avers. “[COVID-19] is an opportunity to blow all these barriers away. And the question now is ‘how far are we willing to go?’”
 

Il Covid-19 non è un problema tecnologico che si risolve con una app – Il Sole 24 ORE

L’analisi di AlgorithmWatch sulle le soluzioni tecnologiche di monitoraggio via app adottate negli altri Paesi sottolineano le differenza tra loro e l’Italia.

Sorgente: Il Covid-19 non è un problema tecnologico che si risolve con una app – Il Sole 24 ORE

 

È disponibile il primo instant book sulla Salute Digitale nell’emergenza Coronavirus – Salute Digitale

SaluteDigitale, insieme a IMIS, ha pubblicato il primo ebook che illustra come l’innovazione digitale può concretamente aiutare nella lotta al COVID-19. La situazione di emergenza apertasi con l’escalation dell’epidemia Covid-19 ha innescato un acceso dibattito sul ruolo che le… Continue reading →

Sorgente: È disponibile il primo instant book sulla Salute Digitale nell’emergenza Coronavirus – Salute Digitale

 

Terapie Digitali per Italia #DTxITA – Fondazione Smith Kline

Sorgente: Terapie Digitali per Italia #DTxITA – Fondazione Smith Kline

 

Digital technology and COVID-19 | Nature Medicine

The past decade has allowed the development of a multitude of digital tools. Now they can be used to remediate the COVID-19 outbreak.

Sorgente: Digital technology and COVID-19 | Nature Medicine

 
 
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